Issue № 25 | 2016 (3)
Screening is an examination performed for the detection and treatment of diseases, conditions, anomalies and developmental disorders in theasymptomatic stage. Screening programs feasible from medical and economic perspective should match a number of criteria formulated by various authors and organizations, e. g. World Health Organization. We used available information to compare screening programs for chronic non-communicable diseases in adult population, which are recommended in countries have extensive experience in early disease detection, i. e. the United Kingdom and in the USA. In the USA, more programs are recommended including screening for oncological, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, and also alcoholism, depression, obesity andosteoporosis. In the UK, screening programs are recommended for some oncological diseases (breast cancer, cervical cancer, and colorectalcancer), diabetic retinopathy, and abdominal aortic aneurysm.
screening, clinical examination, early disease detection, economic effectiveness.
Pyadushkina Ye. A., Avksentyeva M. V., Omelyanovskiy V. V. Recommendations for the Early Detection of Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in the UK and the USA. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2016; 3(25): 20–33.