Научно-практический журнал Медицинские технологии. Оценка и выбор
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Issue № 4 | 2014 (18)

Abstract

In 2013 we celebrated the 20th anniversary of compulsory health insurance (CHI) in the Russian Federation. However, the history of CHI in Russia officially dates back to 1912, when State Duma approved a respective law. The authors describe fundamental principles of the law of the Russian Empire “On supporting the workers in case of illness” and results of its implementation. According to the authors, many principles and provisions of this law are still of interest and did not lose its actuality nowadays, that defines why it is important to study it.

Keywords

compulsory health insurance, health insurance funds, insurance premium payments.

For citations

Gekht I.A., Artemyeva G.B. Recalling the Past when Reforming Compulsory Health Insurance System Today. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2014; 4(18): 64–68.

Issue № 3 | 2014 (17)

Abstract

It is common knowledge that medications fall into two categories – basic and life-saving. Insulin is among the life-savers. It is well-known that people that have diabetes can live long and work well provided that they have their daily insulin injections. Science can not offer them anything else yet. We invite you on a journey through time – the story of insulin discovery.

Keywords

insulin, diabetes, islet of Langerhans, sugar, pancreas, glucosuria, method of determination of sugar in blood and urine, hyperglycemic coma, pancreas extract.

For citations

Opimakh I.V. Passion for Insulin. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2014; 3(17): 58–62.

Issue № 1 | 2014 (15)

Abstract

Scientists started looking for chemical agents capable of curing diseases a long time ago. About a hundred years ago, the chemist and biologist Paul Ehrlich added the term “magic bullet” to the scientific vocabulary. He used this phrase to refer to his dream – a drug that would locate and kill the pathogen after being administered to the patient’s body without harming the patient. By that time medicine had already taken aboard a new effective drug used against trypanosomiasis – atoxil (an organic compound of arsenic). Ehrlich decided to test various derivatives of this compound to fight syphilis. His 606th attempt was crowned with success. He called the new drug salvarsan (the savior), and it did save thousands of lives, helping many patients who suffered from various spirochetoses (syphilis, yaws, and so on).

Keywords

the magic bullet, chemical dyes, antidiphtherial serum, atoxil, trypanosomes, salvarsan, syphilis, chemotherapy.

For citations

Opimakh I.V. The Magic Bullet, or the Birth of Chemotherapy. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2014; 1(15): 88–91.