Научно-практический журнал Медицинские технологии. Оценка и выбор
  • Русский
  • English

Issue № 4 | 2018 (34)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31556/2219-0678.2018.34.4.077-081 meta

Abstract

For thousands of years, people tried to fight against devastating epidemics that killed millions of people and spared no one – neither young nor old nor rich nor poor. Diseases such as cholera, plague, smallpox destroyed cities, villages and sometimes even whole countries. An article presents an overview of the history of the vaccination, an approach that allowed liberating humanity from dying of smallpox, plague and other deadliest diseases.

Keywords

smallpox, cowpox, vaccination, Edward Jenner, Henry Bedson.

For citations

Opimakh I. V. Edward Jenner and History of Vaccination. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2018; 4(34): 77–81.

Issue № 33 | 2018 (3)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31556/2219-0678.2018.33.3.089-094 meta

Abstract

The paper is dedicated to the discovery of mechanisms of circulation and the circulatory system, which was one of the greatest achievements in medicine and physiology. Without this discovery, many medical methods and technologies would have never entered our lives. In 1628, a book Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus by William Harvey was published in Frankfurt. It was a breakthrough in scientific understanding of the functioning of heart in those days. Its author went down the history of science.

Key words

blood, heart, arteries, veins, pulmonary circulation, systemic circulation, Servetus, Harvey.

For citations

Opimakh I. V. Mysteries of the Heart. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2018; 2(32): 89–94.

Issue № 28 | 2017 (2)

Abstract

In the early 1950s scientists first managed to culture human immortal cells. It was the HeLa cells – cancer cells that killed a black American woman Henrietta Laks. These cells have played a huge role in the development of the polio vaccine, in cancer research, the preparation of genetic maps and many other biomedical problems. But HeLa was not only a scientific victory. It gave rise to profound moral, ethical issues.

Keywords

cultivation of cell cultures, Henretta Lux, cancer, HeLa cells, their use in medicine, medical ethics.

For citations

Opimakh I. V. Eternal Cells of Henrietta Lacks. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2017; 2(28): 67–70.

Issue № 25 | 2016 (3)

Abstract

Gedeon Richter was one of the outstanding figures in the early history of the Hungarian pharmaceutical industry. He founded and gave his name to Gedeon Richter Plc, which has developed into a Central-Eastern European multinational company. His career, which began in the early twentieth century, quickly became a success story and from the end of the 1930s encountered many hardships and ended tragically in December 1944.

Keywords

Gedeon Richter, hungarian multinational pharmaceutical and biotechnology company, mind-body therapies.

For citations

Opimakh I. V. Gedeon Richter – the Man and His Company. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2016; 3(25): 96–100.

Issue № 24 | 2016 (2)

Abstract

An article is devoted to formation and development of pharmacology in the I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University and to the role of heads and teachers of the Pharmacology department in the development of scientific research and organization of the educational process.

Keywords

history of medicine, pharmacology, A. A. Sokolovsky, V. V. Nikolaev, V. V. Zakusov, D. A. Kharkevich.

For citations

Fisenko V.P., Bondarchuk N.G. Pharmacology in the I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (historical essay). Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2016; 2(24): 88–96.

Issue № 22 | 2015 (4)

Abstract

Before the greatest discovery of Wilhelm Roentgen doctors, in diagnosing and determining the treatment tactics, could only use the method of exterior examination. Being equipped with X-ray radiation, they were able to look – in the literal meaning of the word – inside the patient, the patient being alive. It was a genuine gift for all – doctors and their patients. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen was one of the most noble and unselfish people in the history of science. He could have received a lot of money for his discovery, but understanding its importance he just preferred to present the mankind with his wonderful X-rays.

Keywords

Roentgen Wilhelm Konrad, X-rays, computer-aided tomography.

For citations

Opimakh I.V. Wilhelm Roentgen and his X-rays. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2015; 4(22): 71–75.

Issue № 3 | 2015 (21)

Abstract

Influenza is considered to be the most ancient disease. In its essence it is a disease which initially could be treated when timely steps were taken. However, this ailment has managed to deprive many people of lives and has got a special stand in the countries all over the world. Nowadays influenza is no longer a diagnosis which used to inspire people with fear but how- it is a big question.

Keywords

influenza, epidemic as a live organism.

For citations

Shirokih K.E., Mazurok O.I. History of Influenza Epidemic. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2015; 3(21): 73–77.

Issue № 2 | 2015 (20)

Abstract

Antibiotics are one of the most outstanding inventions of the 20th century in the area of medicine. People nowadays do not always realize how much they owe to these medicinal products. First out of the family of various antibiotics was penicillin that marked the transition period of medicine. Thanks to it a lot of diseases stopped being incurable. In the history of penicillin there were a lot of undeservingly forgotten heroes. This article is dedicated to this and many other interesting facts related to this real king of antibiotics.

Keywords

penicillin, antibiotics, mould, lysozyme, salvarsan, staphylococcus, infection, bacteria, Peniciilnum chrysogenum.

For citations

Opimakh I.V. Penicillin and Its Heroes. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2015; 2(20): 59–65.

Issue № 1 | 2015 (19)

Abstract

History of medicines is closely connected to the history of civilization and is equally exciting with its ups and downs, wars and feats, discoveries and adventures. Although there is no nameless pill, vaccine or medicine, the names of their inventors are usually kept in the background. Aspirin seems to treat everything – from cold to stroke. The history of this unique medicine resembles crime fiction. Aspirin was invented by a jew, produced by Nazis, Americans were after its formula. At first, doctors prescribed aspirin for all kinds of illnesses – they were amazed to have such effective and simple drug. Later they discovered that overdosage of this medicine may result in ulcer and have toxic effect on kidneys. Time went by and aspirin proved to have more advantages than disadvantages. And nowadays, combined with other substances that eliminate its side effects, aspirin is used by doctors.

Keywords

aspirin, pills, willow leaves and bark brew, salicin, acetylsalicylic acid, prostaglandins.

For citations

Opimakh I.V. Truth and Myths about Aspirin. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2015; 1(19): 60–64.

Issue № 4 | 2014 (18)

Abstract

In 2013 we celebrated the 20th anniversary of compulsory health insurance (CHI) in the Russian Federation. However, the history of CHI in Russia officially dates back to 1912, when State Duma approved a respective law. The authors describe fundamental principles of the law of the Russian Empire “On supporting the workers in case of illness” and results of its implementation. According to the authors, many principles and provisions of this law are still of interest and did not lose its actuality nowadays, that defines why it is important to study it.

Keywords

compulsory health insurance, health insurance funds, insurance premium payments.

For citations

Gekht I.A., Artemyeva G.B. Recalling the Past when Reforming Compulsory Health Insurance System Today. Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice. 2014; 4(18): 64–68.